KERALA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
College of Fisheries, Panangad
The College of Fisheries was established in the year 1979 under the Faculty of Fisheries of the Kerala Agricultural University. This is the third Fisheries College in the country. The four year bachelors degree programme in fisheries leading to B.F.Sc. degree was started with the aim of producing the highly required, professionally and technically qualified manpower in fisheries to cater to the needs of fast developing fisheries sector of the State and other parts of the Country. The College is situated at Panangad, near Kochi in an area of about 30 hectares. For the smooth and proper conduct of academic and related activities, the Fisheries faculty is divided into seven departments, viz. Aquaculture, Fishery Biology, Processing Technology, Fishery Hydrography, Fishing Technology, Fishery Engineering and Management Studies. Various courses, both at U.G., P.G. and Ph.D. level are offered by these departments.
In addition to the Bachelor degree programme, Masters degree (M.F.Sc.) programmes with specialisations in Aquaculture, Fishery Biology, Processing Technology and Fisheries Extension were started by the middle of 1980's and in Fishery Hydrography in 1997. Ph.D. programmes in Aquaculture and Fish Processing Technology have been started. So far 315 graduates and 41 post graduates have come out successfully from this institution, and all of them occupy positions in State Government, National Institutes, Scheduled Banks, Universities, colleges and various private organisations both inside and outside the country.
On the research front, the scientists of the faculty could make notable contributions. A commercially viable technology for the hatchery production of seed of the giant fresh water prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, developed in this institution has been successfully adapted by both public and private sectors in Kerala and outside. Several associated sub-projects of this project were also taken up and successfully completed by the scientists of this college.
In addition to the above, break through were made in the fields of research on fresh water prawn culture, fresh water fish culture, brackish water fish farming, integrated farming, fish disease management, plankton culture, fish and prawn nutrition, ornamental fish culture and processing technology. With Dutch government's assistance a survey was conducted along the entire area of Vembanad lake in order to study the exploited fish population and related problems of that lake, which forms the major inland waterbody of the State of Kerala.
On extension side also the contributions of the college are well noticed. The college has participated in almost all exhibitions where fisheries education and research were represented. Several seminars, Kisan melas, inservice courses, training programmes, etc. were organised during these years. Many popular articles and radio talks have been authored by the scientists of this college.
Consultancy projects have been taken up by the Scientists of this college. At present the consultancy work of setting up of a fresh water prawn hatchery of 30 million capacity in Karnataka under the department of Fisheries of Karnataka Government for an amount of Rs. 5.5 lakhs is underway. Another consultancy for setting up of scampi hatchery has also been agreed upon in Gujarat State under the Gujarat Fisheries Central Co-operative Association. This involves setting up of two hatcheries one with 20 million capacity in Surat District and the other with 30 million capacity in Bharuch District for a consultancy amount of Rs. 8.89 lakhs.
The Fisheries Faculty and the College consist of Seven Departments with subjects of study as shown below:
Subjects of Study
|1. Aquaculture||Freshwater cultivable species, their biology, farming and seed production; brackish water aquaculture; mariculture; frog culture; paddy-cum-fish culture; mixed farming; parasites; diseases and their control and allied subjects.|
|2. Fishery Biology||Taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, nutrition, genetics and evolution, endocrinology and ethology, population dynamics, resource survey, different capture fisheries and allied subjects.|
|3. Processing Technology||Bio-cehmistry, food microbiology, fish handling, ice and cold storage, freezing technology, canning technology, waste products, other fishery products and bye-products. Quality control, packing technology and allied subjects|
|4. Fishery Hydrography||Meteorology, limnology, marine ecology, physical chemical and biological oceanography, marine geology and allied subjects|
|5. Fishing Technology||Navigation and Seamanship, fishing methods, gear technology, fleet management and allied subjects|
|6. Fishery Engineering||Refrigeration engineering, fish farm and harbour engineering, marine engines, equipment engineering and plant maintenance, craft technology and allied subjects|
|7. Management Studies||Economics, Statistics, Sociology and Psychology, Health education, Physical education, Business organisation, Accounting & Book Keeping, Banking, Marketing & Co-operation, Export trade and allied subjects.|
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