TRAINING SCHEDULE 2002 – ’03

INSERVICE TRAINING : DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

 
1. Participatory research in agriculture

Duration                                   : 1 day

Date                                         : 20.11.2002

Venue                                      : RARS, Pilicode

No.of batch                              : 1

Trainees                                   : AO`s

No. of Trainees/batch               : 20

Course Director                        : Dr.K.Rajasree G., Asst. Professor

 

Syllabus

The participatory Research Approach, its importance, characteristics, the comparison with traditional research etc. will be covered.  The basic concept of Participatory Technology Development, identification of field problems, various steps in the implementation of participatory Technology Development, importance of indigenous knowledge, Role of facilitator, Role of farmer, Role of Researchers etc. will be covered.  Certain marking models of participatory research farm within the state and outside the state will be studied.  Group exercises on identification of field problems, prioritisation, finding solution to the problems in different crop situations will be covered in the practical session.

 

2. Sustainable agriculture practices

Duration                                   :  3 days

Date                                         :  15.1.2003 to 17.1.2003

Venue                                      :  RARS, Pilicode

No.of batch                              :  1

Trainees                                   :  AO’s

No. of Trainees/batch               :  20

Course Director                        :  Dr.M.Govindan, Assoc. Professor

 

Syllabus

Sustainable agricultural practices such as use of bio-fertilisers, bio-conversion of agricultural waste, judicious use of fertilisers various sustainable farming approaches in plantations,  social forestry, Homesteads etc. will be covered under the theory portions.  Under practical session, field visits to the field of progressive farmers, preparation of compost using bio-waste, familiarisation of bio-fertiliser, bio-control agents, bio pesticides etc. will be covered under practical session.

 

3. Recent trends in cropping systems research in Kerala

Duration                       :  3 days

Date                             :  4 to 6.11.2002, 14 to 16.11.2002, 21 to 23.11.2002

Venue                          :  Cropping Systems Research Centre, Karamana

No.of batch                  :  3

Trainees                       :  AO’s & ADA

No. of Trainees/batch   :  15

Course Director            :  Dr.Kuruvilla Varughese, Assoc. Professor

Syllabus

The training schedule is proposed to include lectures on cropping patterns and crop sequences of Kerala, with detailed discussions on the rice based, coconut based and tapioca based cropping system; nutrient interactions and carry over effects in a cropping system with special reference to the rice and rice based cropping; allopathic and annotation effects on various cropping systems; importance of phosphorus application and the interaction of N, P and K in a rice based cropping system; influence of nitrogen fixing organisms on the rate of application of nutrients; utilisation of residual nutrients in a rice based cropping system; disease and pest interactions with nutrients in a rice based cropping system; influence of weed flora on the yield and nutrient uptake in a rice based cropping system and the important farming systems of Kerala with special emphasis on the homestead farming system.  There will be three practical classes which include visits to the experimental plots of Cropping Systems Research Centre, Karamana to familiarise with the various rice based cropping sequences; visit to the Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Sreekariyam, to have a detailed view of the tapioca based cropping systems and a visit to the Coconut Research Station, Balaramapuram, to study the coconut based cropping systems.

 

4. Pulses Production Technology

Duration                                   : 2 days

Date                                         :  6th  & 7th November 2002

Venue                                      :  RARS Pattambi

No.of batch                              :  1

Trainees                                   :  AO’s

No. of Trainees/batch               :  20

Course Director                        :  Dr.Sreenivasan, E.,  Asst. Professor

 
Syllabus

Agricultural and nutritional importance of pulse crops; Role of legumes in sustainable agriculture, Improved crops/varieties of pulses suitable for various farming situations and seasons in Kerala; Scientific cultural and management practices for raising pulse crops; Principles of manuring pulse and pulse based cropping systems; Biological nitrogen fixation and use of biofertilizers in pulses; Integrated pest and disease management in pulses; Nutritional aspects of pulse crops; Economics of pulse production – Constraints and remedies

 

5. Nursery and mainfield preparation for mechanical transplanting

Duration                       :  2 days

Date                             :  November 2002

Venue                          :  RARS, Pattambi

No.of batch                  :  1

Trainees                       :  AOs, ADAs & Farmers

No. of Trainees/batch   :  20

Course Director            :  Smt. Gracy Mathew,  Asst. Professor

Syllabus

Class on methods of crop raising, merits and demerits of transplanting Vs direct sowing.  Use of transplanter and crop performance Transplanters – Introductory session. Mat nursery preparation. Suitability aspect of the machine in different regions of Kerala.  Mainfield preparation, water management and pest management measures. Mechanised Planting

6. Seed certification and seed testing

Duration                       : 1 day

Date                             : Last week of  October, 2002

Venue                          : RARS, Pattambi

No.of batch                  : 2

Trainees                       : AO’s & ADA’s

No. of Trainees/batch   : 20

Course Director            : Dr.Rose Mary Francis, Asst. Professor

Syllabus

 

Principles of Seed certification & Testing, practical approaches involved.

 

7. Familiarisation of high yielding varieties of rice

Duration                       : 1 day

Date                             : Last week of October, 2002

Venue                          : RARS, Pattambi

No.of batch                  : 2

Trainees                       : AO’s

No. of Trainees/batch   : 20

Course Director            : Sri.Gregory Zachariah, Asst. Professor

Syllabus

 

Pedigree, year of release, flowering duration, days taken to maturity, morphological characters, yield contributing characters, pest, disease and stress tolerance.

 

8. IPM in rice

Duration                       : 3 days

Date                             : November, 2002

Venue                          : RARS Pattambi 

No.of batch                  : 1

Trainees                       : AAs

No. of Trainees/batch   : 20

Course Director            : Smt.Raji, P.,  Asst. Professor

 

Syllabus

IPM – Basic principles.  Rice diseases-symptoms, etiology and epidemeology.  Disease sequence and disease calendar.  Integrated disease management in rice.  Major pests of rice.  Different categories based on nature of damage.  Beneficial organisms in rice ecosystem-Parasites and predators.  Management of pests an integrated approach.

 

9. Management strategies for rice ecosystem

Duration                       : 3 days

Date                             : November 2002

Venue                          : RARS Pattambi

No.of batch                  : 1

Trainees                       : AOs

No. of Trainees/batch   : 25

Course Director            : Sri.B.Shanmugasundaram, Asst. Professor

Syllabus
The following topics will be covered: Effective communication skills Motivation of Extension Personnel Leadership skills Personal Effectiveness in Extension Co-ordination among Teams Role of IT in Agriculture Management of Problematic Soils of Rice Ecosystem Integrated Pest Management in Rice Integrated Disease Management in Rice

10. Organic farming technologies for sustainable rice production

No.of batch                  : 1

Trainees                       : AOs

No. of trainees/batch    : 25

Duration                       : 3 days

Date                             : 19th to 21st November, 2002

Venue                          : RARS Pattambi

Course Director            : Dr.S.Helen, Asst. Professor

Syllabus

Importance and need for organic farming technologies.  Agronomic Management practices through organic farming.  Pest management through biological and organic inputs.  Disease management through biological and organic inputs.  Recycling of organic wastes through vermicomposting.  Integrated rice farming systems (fish, duck, diary goat or sheep farming, crop rotation with Pulses or vegetables).  Economics of rice production through organic farming.  Video programme on organic farming practices.  Visit to a farmer’s field producing rice through organic farming.  Discussion on the possibilities of transferring technologies on organic farming Practices.  Feed back

11. Orientation training on women in agriculture

Duration                       : 4 daysWEEK

Date                             : 14th to 17th May, 2002

Venue                          : COH Vellanikkara

No.of batch                  : 1

Trainees                       : AOs

No. of Trainees/batch   : 12

Course Director            : Dr.P.S.Geethakutty, Assoc. Professor

Syllabus

Women in Agriculture – Need of Gender Perspective in Agriculture Development. Nursery Management/Flower Industry.  Processing and related technologies – Coconut based products.  Vegetables & Fruit processing. Vegetable cultivation. Bio technology Vermi composting.  Medicinal Plants.  PRA as a tool for planning women development programmes (Theory & Practicals). Experience sharing – Facilitator of the Women in Agriculture programme, Palakkad District. Field visit to Madakkathara – Navodaya Self Help Group Mushroom cultivation.  SHG formation, functions, structure, target groups.  Piggery farming Poultry farming

12. Marketing extension

Duration                         : 6 daysWEEK

Date                                          : November, 2002

Venue                                        : COH Vellanikkara

No.of batch                               : 3

Trainees                         : AOs

No. of Trainees/batch                 : 25

Course Director             : Dr.F.M.H.Khaleel, Assoc. Prof. & Head

Syllabus

Agrl.Marketing:-Markets – classification – peculiarities of Indian Markets commodity marketing, co-operative marketing –regulated markets – state and Agrl. Marketing.  Marketing channels & Presentation – Types of channels, co-ordinating – Resolving channel conflict - promotion strategy – communication processes – promotion mix – Extension & Market strategies.  Marketing by farmers groups – Group promotion of Agrl. Commodities, Direct marketing – Export Marketing – Quality specifications – Dynamics of Consumer Behaviour. Cultural – social psychological influences – consumer decision making influences decision support systems. Marketing Information Systems. Product Diversification and value addition – Major Crops.

13. Cashew graft production

Duration                       : 3 days

Date                             : 27.5.2002 to 29.5.2002

Venue                          : COA Padannakkad

No.of batch                  : 1

Trainees                       : Farm Labourers

No. of Trainees/batch   : 10

Course Director            : Dr.Ancy Joseph,  Asst. Professor

Syllabus

Lecture session on importance of quality planting materials, advantages of grafts over other methods of propagation, seed nut selection for raising root stock, preparation of potting mixture, method of seed nut sowing, selection of rootstock, selection of mother trees, scion selection and its preparation, rootstock preparation, grafting techniques, aftercare of grafts.

Practical training on potting mixture preparation, seed nut selection, sowing, scion collection, rootstock preparation grafting and aftercare.

14.  Appropriate technology for Postharvest handling and  product diversification in  fruit and  vegetable crops of Kerala

Duration                       : 5 days

Date                             : Oct. 2002 and Feb. 2003

Venue                          : COH Vellanikkara

No.of batch                  :  5

Trainees                       : AO/AD/Asst. Managers (KHDP, HORTICORP)

No. of Trainees/batch   :  20

Course Director            :  Dr.V.K.Raju, Associate Professor 

Syllabus

Present scenario of technology adoption in post-harvest handling and processing of fruits and vegetables of Kerala. Fruit and vegetable resources of Kerala-availability-seasonality-perishability. Steps in identification of appropriate technology for post-harvest handling in fruit crops. Steps in identification of appropriate technology for product diversi-fication in fruit crops. Steps in identification of appropriate technology for post-harvest handling and product diversification in vegetable crops. Issues in technology identification, management and dissemination. Fruit Products Order-major provisions and its implications. Tapping the potential of globalisation and a billion sized populations purchasing power- advantages and disadvantages. Precooling and storage of fruits and vegetables.  Packaging, transportation and display of fruits and vegetables for retailing.  An approach to integrated processing of jackfruit Appropriate technology for product diversification in mango, banana, pineapple and papaya Minimal processing of fruits and vegetables. Tender mango pickle and the commercial potential of pickling industry. Cost effective dehydration techniques for fruits and vegetables.  Visit to commercial fruit and vegetable processing unit.

 

15. Problem weeds of Kerala and their management

Duration                       : 3 days

Date                             : 1st batch  : 5.8.02 to 7.8.02 or 12.8.02 to 14.8.02

                                      2nd batch   : 7.10.02 to 9.10.02 or 9.12.02 to 11.12.02

Venue                          : CTI Mannuthy

No.of batch                  : 2

Trainees                       : AOs/ADAs

No. of Trainees/batch   : 30

Course Director            : Dr.C.T.Abraham, Associate Professor

 

Syllabus

Weed problems in Kerala-important weeds-introduced weeds – invasive weeds-crop bound weeds and crop associated weeds – weeds of croplands – waste land weeds – aquatic weeds – problem perennial weeds.  Weed problems in major crops of Kerala – weed management in cereals, plantation crops and vegetables – losses due to weeds – reduction in crop yield and quality – cost of weed control-methods of weed control – integrated management.  Common herbicides – chemistry and mode of action – use – types of herbicides – formulations – toxicity of herbicides – herbicide calculations and recommendations. Methods of herbicide application – equipments for application – recent developments – controlled droplet application – direct contact application.  Aquatic weeds – distribution and problems – method of control.  Herbicide residues – health hazards – problems to flora and fauna – shift in weed flora – effect of soil health – management of residue problems. Recent developments in weed science – transgenic herbicide resistant
crops – bioherbicides – development of herbicide resistance in weeds.

 

16. Cashew Production Technology

 

Duration                                   : 2 days

Date                                         : October 2002

Venue                                      : CRS Madakkathara

No.of batch                              : 1

Trainees                                   : ADA/AOs

No. of Trainees/batch               : 20

Course Director                        : Dr.P.S.John, Assoc. Professor

 

Syllabus

 

The content of the training programme includes all aspects of production propagation, protection and management in cashew.  Crop improvement aspects involving development and characteristics of high yielding varieties and their Production Technology will be dealt in detail.  The propagation techniques particularly the management of tea mosquito and stem borer and the crop management aspect right from planting to harvest will be covered in detail.  The cashew nut processing techniques and cashew apple processing techniques will be covered.  The cashew development programme and the cashew export promotion activities of the country will also be dealt.  The programme envisages to provide field orientation to various activities as well as visit to model plantations and processing factories.

 

17. Value addition and product diversification in coconut and spices

Duration                                   : 5 days

Date                                         : October 2002 to February 2003

Venue                                      : College of Agrl., Vellayani

No.of batch                              : 2

Trainees                                   : AOs/ADAs

No. of Trainees/batch               : 15 to 20

Course Director                        : Dr. Mary Ukkuru, P., Assoc. Professor

Syllabus

Need for the training scope of food processing, Modern techniques and current trends.  Less utilised resources in the state and ways to enhance its utilization factors to be considered while setting up a food processing unit as a small scale industry and its management.  Quality of processed products, latest trends in food standards.  F.P.O. specification for processed products.  How to obtain F.P.O.  Availability of funds and modalities to be followed for the utilization of funds.  Constraints faced by entrepreneurs and how to tackle them.  Practical Orientation with respect to utilization of coconut for developing value added and diversified products.  Demonstration classes for the preparation of coconut based beverages, protein enriched products, bioprocessed products, dairy products, and Bakery and confectionery products. Utilization of selected spices for processing and product development.  demonstration classes for the preparation of Jelly, Huraba, Pickles, leather and fermented products.

18. Transactional analysis and extension communication

Duration                       : 2 days

Date                             : November, 12th to 13th  2002

                                      December, 10th to 11th 2002

Venue                          : College of Agrl., Padannakkad

No.of batch                  : 2

Trainees                       : AO/ADA/VS/FO & Members of Local Bodies

No. of Trainees/batch   : 25

Course Director            : Dr.K.Abdul Kareem, Assoc. Professor

Syllabus

Lecture sessions on Communication, Misconceptions about Communication; Structural Analysis; Development of Ego States; Analysing Transactions; The Games People Play; Drama Triangle; Psychological Positions; Positive and Negative Stroking; Introduction to Script Analysis.

Practical exercises on understanding they way we misperceive in communications; distortions in communications; know your ego states; egogram; analysing transactions; complementary, crossed, ulterior and duplex transactions.  Understanding your life positions; analysing games; the roles we play in life dramas.

19. Acquaintance with different biocontrol agents

Duration                                   : One day

Date                                         : October, 22, 23 & 24, 2002

Venue                                      : College of Agrl., Padannakkad

No.of batch                              : 3

Trainees                                   : Aos/AAs

No. of Trainees/batch               : 10

Course Director                        : Dr.K.M.Sreekumar, Asst. Professor

Syllabus

 

Theory and practice of biological control – conservation biological control- parasitoids – predators, Entomopathogenic nematodes – microbial agents – Introduction to mass production and field release techniques – Taxonomy and identification.

 

20. Vanilla cultivation

Duration                       : 2 days

Date                             : 9th to 10th September, 2002 and February 2003

Venue                          : COH Vellanikkara

No.of batch                  : 2

Trainees                       : AOs

No. of Trainees/batch   : 15

Course Director            : Dr.P.A.Valsala, Assoc. Professor

Syllabus

Theory – scope of vanilla cultivation climate and soil.  Vanilla as an intercrop in coconut and arecanut gardens, planting materials, T.C. plots, planting standards, Manuring, Transplanting, breeding, pollination processing and marketing pest and disease management Aids from Government agency.

In Vivo and vitro propagation.  Planting, transplanting and manuring.  Pollination and processing of trees.

 

21. Production technology of ginger and turmeric

Duration             : 2 days

Date                              : 9th to 10th January 2003

Venue                            : COH, Vellanikkara

No.of batch                   : 1

Trainees             : AOs

No. of Trainees/batch     : 15

Course Director : Dr.P.A.Valsala, Assoc. Professor

Syllabus

Crop Ginger – cultivation practices of ginger – pest and disease management – precautions and practices for seed production – Tissue culture of ginger.  Seed treatment and visit to Tissue Culture Lab.  Crop turmeric – Cultivation practices of turmeric – processing – pest and disease management – seed production.  Identification of ginger and turmeric varieties.

 

22. Entrepreneurship Development Programme in agriculture

 

Duration                       : 6 days

Date                             : January 2003

Venue                          : COA, Vellayani

No.of batch                  : 1

Trainees                       : AO’s

No. of Trainees/batch   : 15-20

Course Director            : Dr.R.Prakash, Assoc. Professor

 

Syllabus

Entrepreneurial motivation, qualities and traits of an entrepreneur.  Entrepreneurs launching, Interface with successful entrepreneurs, project formulation, product selection, microscreening, financial appraisal of vocational projects.  Management of an enterprise, Enterprise management skills and crisis management.

 

23. Management of Agricultural Information System (mais)

Duration                                   : 6 days

Date                                         : December 2002

Venue                                      : COA, Vellayani

No.of batch                              : 1

Trainees                                   : DDA/ADAs

No. of Trainees/batch               : 15-20

Course Director                        : Dr.N.Kishor Kumar, Asst. Professor

Syllabus

Orientation on Existing Information System, Need for Information System, Database organisation.  Defined of Information.  Information packing.  Message Assembly.  IT tools orientation on hand experience of e – based tools  orientation with IT-Systems.

 

24. Advances in farming systems research in Kerala.

 

Duration                       : 3 days

Date                             : 11th to 13th November 2002

                                      20th to 22nd November 2002

                                      10th to 12th  December 2002

Venue                          : FSRS, Sadanandapuram, Kottarakara.

No.of batch                  : 3

Trainees                       : AOs, FOs of Banks &  Panchayath members.

No. of Trainees/batch   : 20

Course Director               : Dr. S. Regeena, Associate Professor

 

Syllabus

Farming system which comprises a set of agricultural activities involving interdependent functional units (farming enterprises) to profitability harvest solar energy while preserving land productivity, environmental quality and maintaining desirable stability.  The final objective should be to achieve sustainable production.

Farming system represents an appropriate combination of farm enterprises viz: Cropping system, Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries, Forestry and the means available to the farmer to raise them for increasing profitability.  They interact adequately with the environment without dislocating the ecological and socio economic balance on the one hand and attempt to meet the national goals on the other. 

The most prevalent farming system in Kerala, however, is the homestead agricultural system or homestead garden which several scientists have pointed out to be economically efficient, ecologically sound and biologically sustainable.  In this system a large number of crops are grown along with livestock, poultry and/or fish for meeting the home requirements as well as generating additional income though the sale of surplus.

 

The structural and functional diversity of the system makes it unique.  Perhaps due to it complexity and non realisation of the importance and potential, this system has been and is being neglected by the researchers, development workers and policy makers.  The consequent lack of interest of policy makers and administrators has resulted in a gradual replacement of this unique system by mono cropping of perennial crops.  The consequent disappearance of the widely diverse crop pattern which existed in the home garden entails in;

 

Loss of self reliance and increased dependence on external sources for food. Increased risk to farmers. Loss of genetic diversity. Unfavourable ecological and environmental consequences.

 

To sustain these systems concerted research efforts at improving system productivity are needed.  Farming system research station has been the pioneering research station has been the pioneering research station in homestead farming in Kerala.  As such this training programme is proposed to be conducted at FSRS, Sadanandapuram to convey the research results, generate new ideas for research and planning as well as to create awareness among the development and extension workers regarding the significance of development and policy support for the system.