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Crop Varieties released by KAU
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The University has released the following improved varieties in rice, coconut, vegetables, pepper, cashew, sesame, sugarcane, tuber crops, cowpea, cocoa and other crops.

Sl.No Name of Variety Year Pedigree / Salient Features
Rice
1 Ptb 39-Jyothi 1974 Ptb-10 x IR-8 (HS)
2 Ptb 40-Sabari 1974 IR8/2 x Annapoorna (HS)
3 Ptb 41-Bharathy 1974 Ptb 10 x IR-8 (HS)
4 Ptb 42- Suvarnamodan 1976 ARC-11775 (S )
5 Ptb 43- Swarnaprabha 1985 Bhavani x Triveni (HS)
6 Ptb 44-Reshmi 1985 Oorpandy (Mutation)
7 Ptb 45-Matta Triveni 1990 Reselection from Triveni
8 Ptb 46-Jayathi 1990 IR 2061 x Triveni (HS)
9 Ptb 47-Neeraja 1990 IR 20 x IR 5 (HS)
10 Ptb 48-Nila 1992 (Triveni x Vellathil Kolappala) x Co-25
11 Ptb 49-Kairali 1993 IR 36 x Jyothi (HS)
12 Ptb 50-Kanchana 1993 IR 36 x Pavizham (HS)
13 Ptb 51-Aathira 1993 BR 51-46-1 x Cul 23332-2 (HS)
14 Ptb 52-Aiswarya 1993 Jyothi x BR-51-46-1
15 Ptb 53-Mangala Mashuri 1998 Reselection from Mashuri
16 Ptb 54-Karuna 1998 CO.25 X H4 (HS)
17 MO 4-Bhadra 1978 IR 8 x Ptb 20 (HS)
18 MO 5-Asha 1981 IR 11 x Kochuvithu (HS)
19 MO 6-Pavizham 1985 IR 8 x Karivenal (HS
20 MO 7-Karthika 1987 Triveni x IR 15399 (HS)
21 MO 8-Aruna 1990 Jaya x Ptb 33 (HS)
22 MO 9-Makom 1990 ARC 6650 x Jaya (HS)
23 MO 10-Remya 1990 Jaya x Ptb 33 (HS)
24 MO 11-Kanakam 1990 IR 1561 x Ptb 33 (HS)
25 MO 12-Ranjini 1996 MO 5 x Improved Sona (Pedigree selection)
26 MO 13-Pavithra 1998 Surekha X MO5 (Pedigree selection)
27 MO 14-Panchami 1998 Pothana X MO5 (Pedigree selection)
28 MO 15-Remanika 1998 Mutant of Mo1
29 MO 16-Uma 1998 MO6 X Pokkali (Pedigree selection)
30 MO17-Revathy 1998 Cul. 1281 X MO6 (Pedigree selection)
31 MO18-Karishma 1998 Mo1 X MO6 (Pedigree selection)
32 MO19-Krishnanjana 1998 MO1 X MO6 (Pedigree selection)
33 Kym 1-Lakshmi 1981 Kottarakkara 1 x Poduvi (HS)
34 Kym 2-Bhagya 1985 Tadukkan x Jaya (HS)
35 Kym 3-Onam 1985 (Kochuvithu x TNI) x Triveni
36 Kym 4-Dhanya 1992 Jaya x Ptb 4 ( HS)
37 Kym 5-Sagara 1993 Oorumundakan local (MS)
38 Vyttila 3 1987 Vyttila 1 X TN-1(HS)
39 Vyttila 4 1993 Chettivirippu x IR 4630-22-2-17(HS)
40 Vyttila 5 1996 Mashuri (Mutation)
41 ACV-I-Arathy 1993 Jaya x Ptb 33 (HS)
42 Hraswa 1993 IR-8 x T-140 (HS)
43 Deepthi(WND-3) 1998 Edavaka(PS)
44 Makaram(KTR 1) 1998 Cheradi local (MS)
45 Kumbham 1998 Cheradi local (MS)
46 Ahalya 1998 (Ptb 10 x TN I ) x TN I
47 Harsha 2001  
48 Manupriya 2006 (PK3355-5-1-4) x Bhadra
A high yielding, photo insensitive, short duration (100-105 days), non-lodging, red kernelled hybrid derivative suitable for kole lands.
49 Anashwara 2006 Mutant of PTB 20.
A photoperiod sensitive semi-tall rice variety suitable for Rabi.
50 VTL-7 2006 Hybrid between IR8 x Patnai 23.
High yielding, non-lodging, semi-tall variety having tolerance to salinity, acidity and flood. Suitable for pokkali area.
Coconut
1 Lakshaganga 1989 LO x GB (H)
2 Keraganga 1989 WCT x GB (H)
3 Anandaganga 1989 AO x GB (H)
4 Kerasree 1992 WCT x MYD (H)
5 Kerasowbhagya 1993 WCT x Strait Settlement Apricot (H)
6 Kerasagara 2006 Selection from Seychelles (SE Asia).
Tall palms, flower in 8 years, light green nuts, mean yield 99nuts/palm/year.
Vegetables
Bittergourd
1 Priya 1976 Kannur local (S)
2 Priyanka 1996 Local Selection
3 Preethi 1996 MC 84 selection
Snakegourd
1 Kaumudi 1996 Local selection
Ash Gourd
1 KAU Local 2001 BH 21
2 Indu 2001 AG 1
Ridge Gourd
1 Haritha 2001  
Pumpkin
1 Ambili 1988 CM 14 (S)
2 Suvarna(CM 349) 1998 CM349 (SPS)
Bhindi
1 Kiran 1990 Kilichundan local (S)
2 Salkeerthi 1998 Reselection from NBPGR NO.144
3 Aruna 1998 NBPGR No. 1343(SPS)
Amaranthus
1 Arun 1992 Palapoor local (MS)
2 Renusree 2006 Green amaranth evolved through selection. High yielding variety (15.5 t/ha) having green leaves and purple stem with low anti-nutritional factors.
3 Krishnasree 2006 Red amaranth evolved through selection. High yielding (14.8t/ha) with high nutritive value and low anti-nutritional factors.
Winged bean
1 Revathy 1996 SLS-47 (MS)
Vegetable Cowpea
1 KMV-1 1996 Manjeri Red Plain
2 Malika 1992 Single plant selection from Thiruvananthapuram
3 Sharika 1993 Valiyavila local (SPS)
4 Kairali 2001  
5 Bhagyalakshmi 2001  
6 Lola 2001  
7 Vyjayanthi(VS 21-1) 1998 Perumpadavam local(PS)
5 Vellayani Jyothika 2006 Selection from Sreekaryam local.
High yielding(19.33t/ha) with long light green pods.
Chilli
1 Jwalamukhi 1990 Vellanochi x Pusa Jwala (HS)
2 Jwalasakhi 1990 Vellanochi x Pusa Jwala (HS)
3 Ujwala 1996 CA 219-1-19-6 (SPS)
4 Vellayani Athulya 2006 Selection from local collection.
High yielding (650.33g/plant),early maturing, shade tolerant, green chilli variety with light green, medium pungent fruits having excellent quality.
Tomato
1 Sakthi 1993 LE 79 (S)
2 Mukthi(LE 79-5) 1998 LE 79(CL32D-0--1-19GS)(PS)
3 Vellayani Vijai 2006 Introduction and selection from CLN1621F (AVRDC, Taiwan).
High yielding (1.34kg/plant), compact, early maturing variety having bacterial wilt resistance and high temperature tolerance.
Brinjal
1 Surya 1990 SM6-7 (SPS)
2 Swetha 1996 SM6-6 (SPS
3 Haritha 1998 SM-141(SPS)
4 Neelima 1998  
Oriental pickling melon
1 Soubhaghya(CM-8) 1998 Valakkavu local(PS)
2 Mudicode 2001 CS 26 Local collection from Mudicode
3 Arunima 2001  
Okra
1 Anjitha 2006 Inter specific hybridization followed by mutation breeding and selection.
High yielding (14.6t/ha), early maturing, YVM resistant variety.
2 Manjima 2006 Hybrid(Gowreesapattom local x NBPGR/TCR-874).
High yielding(16t/ha), early maturing, YVM resistant variety.
Hyacinth bean/Dolichos bean
1 Hima 2006 Selection from local collection.
High yielding (13.34kg/plant), hardy, medium maturing, pole type with white flowers, light green broad and straight pods and coffee brown seeds.
2 Grace 2006 Selection from local collection.
High yielding (13.6kg/plant), hardy, early maturing, pole type with purple stem, lilac flowers and slightly curved greenish purple pods and black seeds.
Cashew
1 Anakkayam-1 1987 Bapatla Collection - Tree 139-1 (S)
2 Madakkathara-1 1987 Bapatla Collection - Tree-39-4 (S)
3 Madakkathara-2 1990 NDR-2-1 (S)
4 Kanaka 1993 Anakkayam 1 x H-3-13 (H)
5 Dhana 1993 LGD 1-1 x K 30-1 (H)
6 Dharasree 1996 Tree No. 30 x BRZ-18 (H)
7 Sulabha 1996 T 28 of RCRS Kottarakkara (Intr.&Select.)
8 Mrudula 1996 PTR-1-1 (S)
9 Priyanka 1996 BLA 139-1 x K 30-1 (H)
10 Anagha 1998 Tree 20 X K-30-1(HS)
11 Amrutha 1998 BLA-139-1(F) X K-30-1(M) (H)
12 Akshayai 1998 H-4-7(F) X K-30-1(M) (HS)
13 Poornima 2006 BLA 139-1 x K-30-1
A high yielding (14.08kgnuts/tree/year), compact, intensively branching, mid season, cashew hybrid with export grade nuts, high shelling percentage and kernal weight.
Pepper
1 Panniyur-2 1990 Balancotta (Selection from open pollinated progeny)
2 Panniyur-3 1990 Uthirankotta x Cheriyakaniyakadan (H)
3 Panniyur-4 1990 Kuthiravaly (Selection)
4 Panniyur-5 1996 Perumkodi (Selection from open pollinated progeny)
5 Panniyur-6 2001  
6 Panniyur-7 2001  
Cardamom
1 PV-1 1987 Walayar local (CS)
Cinnamon
1 Sugandhini 2001  
Turmeric
1 Kanthi 1996 Mydukur (SPS)
2 Sobha 1996 Methala local (SPS)
Aromatic & Medicinal Plants
1 Lemongrass- OD-19 1988  
2 Thippali-Viswam 1996 KAU-LPI (SPS)
Chethi-koduveli
1 Mridhula 2006 Clonal selection.
High root yield (2.94t/ha-dry) and low plumbagin content (0.22%). Can be used without curing in the preparation of indegenous medicines.
2 Agni 2006 Clonal selection.
High root yield (2.65t/ha-dry) and high plumbagin content (0.80%)..Suitable for the extraction of plumbagin.
Atalodakam
1 Ajagandhi 2006 Clonal selection.
Medium tall plants with long and broad leaves and high vasicine content (2.46%). Average whole plant yield (dry)-12.37t/ha. Preferred for leaf crop.
2 Vasika 2006 Clonal selection.
Medium tall plants with narrow leaves and high proportion of roots & vasicine content (2.55%). Average whole plant yield (dry)-11.25t/ha. Preferred for root crop.
Adapathyan
1 Jeeva 2006 Clonal selection.
Purple cordate plant type with long internodes, high yield of thick, sweet roots (1.50t/ha dry root) with high soluble sugar content (8.33%).
Mushroom
1 Oyster mushroom -Ananthan 1996 Natural flora
Sugarcane
1 Madhuri 1990 CO 740 X CO 775 (H)
2 Thirumadhiram 1992 CO 740 x CO 6806 (H)
3 Madhurima 1996 CO 740 x CO 7318 (H)
4 Madhumathi 1998 CO 63 X CO 740(HS)
Sesame
1 Kayamkulam-1 1972  
2 Thilothama 1987 PT-58-35 x KI (HS)
3 ACV-1-Soma 1985 Punjab type (PS)
4 ACV-2-Surya 1985 West Bengal type (PS)
5 ACV-3-Thilak 1993 Muthukulam local (PS)
6 Thilathara 1998 CST 785 X B 14(HS)
Cowpea
1 Ptb 1-Kanakamony 1977 Kunnamkulam local (PS)
2 Ptb 2-Krishnamani 1991 Kanakamony X Kozhingipayar (HS)
3 KYM-1-Pournami 1993 KYM-1 (S)
4 Shubhra 2001  
Blackgram
1 KYM-I -Syama 1993 Introduction from Tamil Nadu
2 Sumanjana 2001  
Ground nut
1 Sneha 1998 IES 883 X JL 24 ( Combination breeding)
2 Snighda 1998 Dh(E)32 X JL 24 ( Combination breeding)
Banana
1 BRS-1 1998 Agniswar X Pisanglilin (H)
2 BRS-2 1998 Vannan x Pisanglilin (H)
Cocoa
1 CCRP-1 1998 Local population(SPS)
2 CCRP-4 1998 Local population(SPS)
3 CCRP-5 1998 Selection from germplasm IV
4 CCRP-6 1998 Selection from germplasm VI
5 CCRP-7 1998 Selection from germplasm VI
6 CCRP-2 2001  
7 CCRP-3 2001  
Fodder Crops
Guinea grass
1 Haritha 1990  
2 Marathakam 1993 FR-600(Mutation)
3 Harithasree 2006 Selection from JHGG-96-3
High fodder yield (66.1t/ha/year) with better quality. Dark green leaves and high tillering.
Bajra Napier hybrid
  Suguna 2006 Composite 9 x FD 431
High fodder yield (283.7t/ha/year) with better quality.Palegreen leaf sheath with purplish pigmentation
  Supriya 2006 TNSC 4 x FD 471
High fodder yield (272.7t/ha/year) coupled with better quality. Pale green leaves with small hairs on both sides.
Tuber Crops
Chinese Potato
1. Nidhi 2001 Clonal selection from NBPGR accession CP 79
Sweet potato
1 ACV-1-Kanjangad 1992 Kanjanghad local (CS)
Cassava
1 Nidhi 1996 Koombuvella (CS)
2 KMC-1-Kalpaka 1996 Ramanthala(CS)
Greater yam
1 Indu ( KM-DA 1) 1998 TCR-5(IC-44209) (CS)
Coleus
1 Suphala 2006 A tissue culture mutant derived from local cultivar. A high yielding (15.93t/ha) year round cultivable variety with a duration of 120-140days.
Orchids
1 Deep blush 2006 Hybrid between D.Nagoya Pink x D.[Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].
Long arching inflorescence with 9-10 flowers. Flowers are large, magenta coloured, double shaded and striped with full appearance.
2 Lemon Glow 2006 Hybrid between D.Chiangmai Pink x D. [Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].
Long, arching inflorescence with 10-12 flowers. Flowers are medium large, flat, squarish in appearance, thick, glossy, light pink towards the outer side and greenish white towards the centre.
3 Master Delight 2006 Hybrid between D.Sonia -17 x D.[Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].
Long, arching inflorescence with10-12 flowers. Flowers are very thick, glossy and flat with pointed petals and sepals giving a stellar appearance. Flower colour is dark purple with very faint stripes and sepal tips are white.
4 Pink Cascade 2006 Hybrid between D. Nagoya Pink x D. [Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].
Long, arching inflorescence with 8-10 flowers. Flowers are very thick, glossy, large, light pink with prominent dark pink stripes throughout.
5 Velvet Soft 2006  Hybrid between D. Rungnapa x D. [Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].
Long, arching inflorescence with 10-12 flowers. Flowers are very thick, glossy, large, deep purplish magenta in colour and striped with white operculum and full appearance.

H - Hybrid; HS - Hybridisation and selection; SPS - Single plant selection; MS - Mass selection; PS - Pureline selection; CS - Clonal selection



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Last modified: June 2007